GLOBAL CARBON FOOTPRINT

July 17, 2012


 If you have read any of my previous posting you know that I really am NOT a “tree-hugger” but I do have a great respect for our environment.  I really do!  With this being the case let’s take a very brief look.

NOTE:  The information presented by this document is derived from the following Sources:

  • Point Carbon, a Thomson Reuters Company, from seminar “Advanced Course in Carbon Markets”,   Los Angeles, September 20, 2011.
  • Union of Concerned Scientists,  2 Brattle Square, Cambridge, Ma., 
  • Science Daily, “Carbon Dioxide Emissions from Power Plants Rated Worldwide”, November  14, 2007

The data now supports the fact that our planet is undergoing fairly rapid global warming.  There are still some questions as to whether or not that warming is cyclic and based primarily upon activity from our sun or if mankind is the major contributor.  We would represent the cause relative to the effect.   Here is what we do know:

  • Greenhouse gases (CO2, CH4 ***) trap heat in the atmosphere.
  • Atmospheric CO2 content is rising each year.
  • Human activity is the main driver. (NOTE:  This is the opinion of Point Carbon and they do have data to back this up.  There are scientists world wide that feel this global warming is cyclic and human interaction is minimal relative to solar activity. )
GREENHOUSE GASES:  THE KYOTO SIX
     

NAME

ABBREVIATION

 GLOBAL WARMING                POTENTIAL
     

CABRON DIOXIDE

CO(2)

1

METHANE

CH(4)

21

    NITROUS OXIDE

N(2)O

310

HYDROFLUOROCARBONS

 HFC

140–11,700

PERFLUOROCARBONS

PFC

7,000

SULFUR HEXAFLUORIDE

SF6

23,900

     
 SOURCE:  POINT CARBON    
  • It is an established fact that two categories representing the greatest emissions for CO(2) are 1.) Power Plants and 2.) Transportation.  Power plants are by far the greatest source of CO(2) on a global basis. Let’s now take a look at CO(2) emissions on a global basis and then relative to our country  total, by state and then relative to each emitter.

A.)    From the Union of Concerned Scientists: 2012

       
 

Country

Total Emissions

Per Capita Emissions (Tons/Capita)

(Million Metric Tons of CO2)

1 China

6534

4.91

2 United States

5833

19.18

3 Russia

1729

12.29

4 India

1495

1.31

5 Japan

1214

9.54

6 Germany

829

10.06

7 Canada

574

17.27

8 United Kingdom

572

9.38

9 Korea, South

542

11.21

10 Iran

511

7.76

11 Saudi Arabia

466

16.56

12 Italy

455

7.82

13 South Africa

451

9.25

14 Mexico

445

4.04

15 Australia

437

20.82

16 Indonesia

434

1.83

17 Brazil

428

2.18

18 France

415

6.48

19 Spain

359

8.86

20 Ukraine

350

7.61

 

B.)     In looking at the top CO(2) emitters by company, we see the following:

       1 TAICHUNG Lung-Ching Township Taiwan (China) 41,300,000

       2 PORYONG Poryong-gun South Korea 37,800,000

       3 CASTLE PEAK Tuen Mun NT China 35,800,000

       4 REFTINSKAYA SDPP Reftinsky Russia 33,000,000

       5 TUOKETUO-1 Tuoketuo County China 32,400,000

       6 MAILIAO FP Mailiao Taiwan (China) 32,400,000

       7 VINDHYACHAL Sidhi Dist India 29,000,000

       8 HEKINAN Hekinan Japan 28,900,000

       9 KENDAL Witbank South Africa 28,600,000

       10 JANSCHWALDE Peitz Germany 27,400,000

       11 SURALAYA Serang – Merak Indonesia 27,200,000

       12 TANGJIN Tangjin-kun South Korea 26,900,000

       13 MAJUBA Volksrust South Africa 26,500,000

       14 TAEAN Taean South Korea 26,400,000

       15 BEILUNGANG Ningbo City China 26,000,000

       16 WAIGAOQIAO Shanghai Pudong China 26,000,000

       17 TAISHAN Tongluowan China 26,000,000

       18 BELCHATOW Belchatow 5 Poland 25,500,000

       19 MATIMBA Ellisras South Africa 25,500,000

       20 SCHERER Juliette United States 25,300,000

       21 HSINTA Yungan Township Taiwan (China) 25,300,000

       22 SAMCHONPO Kosung-gun South Korea 25,200,000

       23 DRAX Selby United Kingdom 23,700,000

       24 NIEDERAUSSEM Bergheim Germany 23,600,000

       25 JIANBI Zhenjiang City China 23,500,000

C.)    Now, in looking at our own country:

Annually, the 12 biggest CO2 polluting power plants in the United States are:

  1. The Scherer plant in Juliet, GA — 25.3 million tons
  2. The Miller plant in Quinton, AL — 20.6 million tons
  3. The Bowen plant in Cartersville, GA — 20.5 million tons
  4. The Gibson plant in Owensville, IN — 20.4 million tons
  5. The W.A. Parish plant in Thompsons, TX — 20 million tons
  6. The Navajo plant in Page, AZ — 19.9 million tons
  7. The Martin Lake plant in Tatum, TX — 19.8 million tons
  8. The Cumberland plant in Cumberland City, TN — 19.6 million tons
  9. The Gavin plant in Cheshire, OH — 18.7 million tons
  10. The Sherburne County plant in Becker, MN — 17.9 million tons
  11. The Bruce Mansfield plant in Shippingport, PA — 17.4 million tons
  12. The Rockport plant in Rockport, IN — 16.6 million tons

D.)   The same data by state:

       1 Texas 290,000,000

       2 Florida 157,000,000

       3 Indiana 137,000,000

       4 Pennsylvania 136,000,000

       5 Ohio 133,000,000

       6 Illinois 113,000,000

       7 Kentucky 98,300,000

       8 Georgia 91,500,000

       9 Michigan 91,400,000

       10 Alabama 90,700,000

       11 West Virginia 88,600,000

       12 Missouri 82,500,000

       13 California 79,200,000

       14 North Carolina 77,700,000

       15 New York 69,600,000

       16 Arizona 64,500,000

       17 Tennessee 63,300,000

       18 Louisiana 61,000,000

       19 Oklahoma 57,000,000

       20 Wisconsin 54,800,000

       21 South Carolina 52,500,000

       22 Virginia 49,700,000

       23 Colorado 47,200,000

       24 Wyoming 45,900,000

       25 Kansas 43,500,000

       26 Minnesota 43,500,000

       27 Utah 41,900,000

       28 Iowa 38,800,000

       29 North Dakota 37,600,000

       30 Arkansas 35,400,000

       31 Maryland 33,600,000

       32 New Mexico 32,800,000

       33 Mississippi 30,900,000

       34 Massachusetts 29,400,000

       35 Nebraska 24,400,000

       36 New Jersey 22,100,000

       37 Nevada 20,800,000

       38 Montana 20,300,000

       39 Washington 19,600,000

       40 Connecticut 13,400,000

       41 Oregon 12,600,000

       42 Hawaii 9,805,652

       43 New Hampshire 8,619,268

       44 Maine 7,817,319

       45 Delaware 7,313,223

       46 Alaska 5,951,978

       47 South Dakota 4,680,446

       48 Rhode Island 2,614,260

       49 Idaho 1,060,886

       50 Vermont 436,856

The state with the greatest CO2 emissions from electricity generation is Texas (290 million tons), followed by Florida (157 million tons), Indiana (137 million tons), Pennsylvania (136 million tons), Ohio (133 million tons), Illinois (113 million tons), Kentucky (98 million tons), Georgia (92 million tons), Michigan (91 million tons) and Alabama (91 million tons).   The District of Columbia has the lowest power-related emissions (113,000 tons), followed by Vermont (437,000 tons), Idaho (1 million tons), Rhode Island (2.6 million tons); South Dakota (4.7 million tons); and Alaska (6 million tons).  Some surprising contrasts that show how different approaches to power generation can make huge differences in emissions. For example: The CO2 output from power plants in California, with some 36 million people, is nearly the same as that of North Carolina, which has only one-quarter of California’s population. North Carolina gets about half its power from coal; California relies on a mix of natural gas, hydro, nuclear power, and renewable energy.

One very interesting fact:   Carbon emissions impose a huge cost on society by threatening the basic elements of life –access to water, food production, health and the environment. Economists have estimated these “social costs” at anywhere from $8 per ton to as high as $100 per ton of CO2.    “Even if you assume a fairly low charge of about $20 per ton of CO2, power producers that rely heavily on fossil fuels will have to shift rapidly toward renewable energy if they are to remain profitable,” Dr. Wheeler says.    Dr. Wheeler is a leading proponent of promoting alternate energy sources and venture capital funding of companies dedicated to R&D efforts to bring about reduction in greenhouse gases other effluents.

 

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